Building a Root Cellar for Meat Storage: Comprehensive Guide

Building a Root Cellar for Meat Storage
Building a Root Cellar for Meat Storage

How to Build a Root Cellar Step-By-Step on Your Homestead! #buildarootcellar #rootcellar #ruralmoney #money

If you are someone who believes in self-sufficiency and homesteading, then building a root cellar for meat storage is a great investment.

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Table of Contents

Root cellars provide an ideal environment to store various types of meat, ensuring that it stays fresh, tender, and safe for consumption.

In this post, I will guide you through the process of building your own root cellar specifically designed for meat storage, ensuring that your precious cuts are preserved and enjoyed for an extended period.

Materials and Tools Required

Before starting the construction process, it is important to gather all the necessary materials and tools.

Comprehensive Details to Build a Root Cellar for Meat Storage

Here is a comprehensive list to help you get started.


  1. Concrete blocks or stones for the foundation and walls
  2. Reinforcing bars and wire mesh
  3. Waterproofing compound or membrane for the walls
  4. Timber or concrete slabs for the flooring
  5. Lumber for framing the door and ventilation
  6. Plywood or weather-treated boards for wall cladding
  7. Insulation material
  8. Metal or wooden shelves for organizing meat storage
  9. Hardware (screws, nails, hinges, etc.)


  1. Shovel and wheelbarrow
  2. Measuring tape and level
  3. Hammer and nails
  4. Screwdriver and screws
  5. Concrete mixer
  6. Wire cutters and pliers
  7. Circular saw or hand saw
  8. Insulation knife
  9. Drill
  10. Safety equipment (gloves, goggles, mask)
 Details to Build a Root Cellar for Meat Storage
Details to Build a Root Cellar for Meat Storage Image Credits

Step-By-Step Instructions

Choose an Appropriate Location

  • Find a suitable spot for your root cellar; ideally, it should be situated in a shady area with good drainage.
  • The chosen location should be away from direct sunlight, vibration, and noise.

Design and Layout

  • Determine the size and shape of your root cellar, keeping in mind the amount of meat you plan to store.
  • A rectangular or square-shaped cellar will be easier to construct; however, curved designs may provide better insulation.
  • Sketch the layout, including the entrance, ventilation, and shelving placement.

Excavation and Foundation

  • Excavate the area according to the dimensions of your design. Dig a hole deep enough to accommodate your desired storage depth.
  • Prepare the foundation using concrete blocks or stones, ensuring it is level and solid. Reinforce with reinforcing bars and wire mesh for added strength.

Wall Construction

  • Lay the first layer of concrete blocks for the walls, ensuring they are level and square.
  • Continue stacking the blocks, maintaining a consistent height, and using mortar to secure the joints.
  • As you build, consider incorporating openings for ventilation as well as a properly insulated door.

Wall Waterproofing

  • Apply a waterproofing compound or membrane to the walls, protecting them from moisture and water ingress.

Flooring and Insulation

  • Lay a moisture-resistant barrier on the floor, such as concrete slabs or timber.
  • Install insulation material around the walls and ceiling to maintain a consistent temperature within the cellar. Options include foam boards or spray foam insulation.

Door Installation

  • Construct a sturdy wooden frame for the entrance door, ensuring it fits snugly within the opening.
  • Attach weather-treated boards or plywood to the frame, providing insulation and protection against moisture and pests.
  • Install airtight weather-stripping around the door to prevent drafts and temperature fluctuations.


  • Position small vents on opposite walls, allowing for proper air circulation within the cellar.
  • Install wire mesh or grating over the vents to prevent pests from entering.
  • Consider using louvered vents or a small exhaust fan to regulate humidity and avoid condensation.
  • For condensation control, use foam board insulation. Buy here>>>
Foam Board Insulation

Shelving and Storage

  • Install strong metal or wooden shelving and storage.

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